Government could buy Aboriginal flag copyright to settle dispute, attorney says
A leading copyright attorney says the Australian federal authorities may want to step in to settle the present day dispute over who can reproduce the Aboriginal flag, via buying out all the rights to license the image.
Former CEO of the Australian Copyright Council Fiona Phillips says the legal status of the Aboriginal flag is a “precise state of affairs” that calls for a public coverage solution.
The flag was designed by means of Luritja artist Harold Thomas, and is said to have made its debut at a National Aboriginal Day rally in Adelaide in 1971. It then started appearing at marches and protests at the east coast, most famously on the Tent Embassy in Canberra in 1972. While it’s miles included by using the equal protections as other official Australian flags, the Aboriginal flag image can most effective be reproduced with Thomas’s permission.
“The Aboriginal flag isn’t simply an inventive work, it’s a national symbol and is specially vital to Indigenous Australians,” stated Phillips, who has also labored at the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission and as a government adviser on copyright law.
“The government should are looking for to compulsorily collect copyright from Mr Thomas on public coverage grounds. They could purchase him out for the rights.”
Thomas become widely credited with the design however did no longer seek copyright till the Nineties. In 1997, the federal court docket acknowledged him as the author of the picture, meaning it’s miles protected under copyright regulation and may simplest be reproduced with his permission.
In October 2018, Thomas granted WAM Clothing international extraordinary rights to apply the flag on apparel. Late closing week, it issued a series of “end and desist” notices to several agencies, such as the AFL, which uses the flag on jerseys for the Indigenous spherical, and an Aboriginal social organisation which puts the income of its clothing sales back into Aboriginal network health packages.
A spokesperson for WAM Clothing stated it have been “actively inviting any companies, manufacturers and sellers who wish to apply the Aboriginal flag on garb to touch us and speak their options”.
“Until WAM Clothing took on the licence Harold was not receiving popularity from the general public of events, both here and remote places, who have been producing a huge quantity of objects of apparel bearing the Aboriginal flag,” the spokesperson stated.
WAM Clothing additionally released a declaration it attributed to Thomas:
“As it is my commonplace law proper and Aboriginal historical past right, as with many other Aboriginals, I can choose who I like to have a licence agreement to fabricate goods which have the Aboriginal flag on it.
“It’s taken a few years to locate the appropriate Australian employer that respects and honours the Aboriginal flag which means and copyright and this is WAM Clothing.
“The Aboriginal flag is doing its job as it became intended to do, to bring solidarity and delight to all Aboriginals. At times we get the few who snigger and are disillusioned. I can’t fulfill all black individuals who want to break up the Aboriginal unification.”
Spark Health, the Aboriginal-owned and run social agency that produces clothing products with the tagline Clothing the Gap, says they’re angry that it’s “a white enterprise that’s were given complete licensing agreement and it’s a white enterprise that’s profiting off it.”
“We make our merchandise for the mob … we make it for them that will rejoice their identity and put on their culture with satisfaction,” Sianna Catullo, from the Clothing the Gap undertaking, said. “We don’t make our garments to earnings.”
The case is unusual, in step with Phillips.
“When you’re managing a national image like that there are broader troubles at play,” she said.
“Usually a flag is a work that is within the public domain [free to use] and situation to protocols round its use or, if it’s a countrywide symbol, it’s created or commissioned through the government and, consequently, copyright is owned by the authorities.
“It is going past just Mr Thomas, because the copyright within the flag will closing for his existence plus another 70 years. We’re doubtlessly searching at any other one hundred years of this occurring earlier than it enters the general public domain.”
She said the onus became at the federal government to discover a solution.
A spokesperson for WAM Clothing stated it welcomed all of us, “which includes the government, to contact us with appreciate to using the Aboriginal flag beneath our licence.”
In 2017, Harold Thomas announced he had granted two licences for the layout: one to the flag-making company Carroll and Richardson, and the alternative to Birubi Art Pty Ltd.
Birubi Art – that is under administration – is a wholesaler of souvenir and Australiana products based totally in Kippa-Ring in Queensland, the identical location as WAM Clothing. Birubi was owned through Ben Wooster, who’s also component-owner of WAM Clothing.
In October 2018, the federal courtroom discovered that Birubi Art had breached purchaser law by way of selling lots of objects labelled as Aboriginal art however which had been made in Indonesia.
Birubi Art “made false or misleading representations that merchandise it bought have been made in Australia and hand-painted by means of Australian Aboriginal persons, in breach of the Australian purchaser law”, in step with the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC).
From July 2015 to November 2017, the ACCC said, Birubi bought extra than 18,000 boomerangs, bullroarers, didgeridoos and message stones to shops around Australia, offering designs “associated with Australian Aboriginal artwork” and words including “Aboriginal Art”, “proper” and “Australia”.
“It changed into unacceptable that Birubi sold Indonesian-made merchandise as having being hand-painted by means of Australian Aboriginal humans whilst that turned into now not the case,” ACCC commissioner Sarah Court stated at the time.
A hearing on consequences and different orders sought in opposition to Birubi with the aid of the ACCC will be held by means of the federal court on Friday.